Lotus birth is when the placenta is not actively cut or separated from the baby, but will dry and disconnect itself after several days (Rachana 2001). Lotus birth is a relatively new ritual, only having being observed in chimpanzees previously (Buckley 2009). Lim and Miyuki (2015) state that usually the placenta and cord are wrapped in cloth or placed in a bowl and salted with herbs to preserve it and reduce any odour. This process of salting is commonly repeated everyday until the cord separates. Buckley (2009) suggests lotus birth provides the baby with a gentle transition to life and that the baby is calmer and more responsive to his or her surroundings. Many women report that the cord falls off in a shorter time frame, however there is insufficient research to support this (Buckley 2009). Probably the greatest benefit of all, is that through delaying the separation of placenta from baby, means that mother and baby are highly unlikely to be apart, encouraging uninterrupted bonding (Buckley 2009, Rachana 2001).
In regards to placental encapsulation, lotus birth makes it difficult to join the two rituals. However, if this is something that is important to you, there is the possibility of removing a part of the placenta for encapsulation.